Homologous Superfamily

CheW-like domain superfamily (IPR036061)

Short name: CheW-like_dom_sf

Overlapping entries

Description

This entry represents the CheW-like domain superfamily.

The CheW-like domain is an around 150-residue domain that is found in proteins involved in the two-component signaling systems regulating bacterial chemotaxis. Two components systems are composed of a receptor kinase, which monitors the environmental conditions and its substrate, the response regulator, which acts as a binary switch depending on the phosphorylation state. In Escherichia coli, the signal transduction pathway for chemotaxis consists of specialised membrane receptors, termed chemotaxis transducers; a CheA-CheY two-component system, which transmits the signal from transducers to flagellar motors; and a docking protein, CheW, which couples the CheA histidine kinase to transducers. Whereas CheW is only made of a CheW-like domain, CheA additionally contains an HPt domain and an histidine kinase domain. The CheW-like domain has been shown to mediate the interaction between CheA and the adaptor protein CheW. Some bacteria contain another bifunctional protein, CheV, consisting of an N- terminal CheW-like domain and a C-terminal response regulatory domain. Although its precise function in chemotaxis is unknown, CheV probably acts in adaptation to attractants [PMID: 9989504, PMID: 11553614, PMID: 12511501, PMID: 11799399].

The CheW-like domain is composed of two beta-sheet subdomains, each of which forms a loose five-stranded beta-barrel around an internal hydrophobic core. The interactions between the subdomains are contributed by a third hydrophobic core sandwiched between the two beta-sheet subdomains. The CheW-like structure is stabilised by extensive hydrophobic interactions [PMID: 9989504, PMID: 11799399].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006935 chemotaxis
GO:0007165 signal transduction

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SUPERFAMILY