Homologous Superfamily

GlpP-like superfamily (IPR035928)

Short name: GlpP-like_sf

Overlapping entries

Description

Glycerol enters bacterial cells via facilitated diffusion, an energy-independent transport process catalysed by the glycerol transport facilitator GlpF, an integral membrane protein of the aquaporin family. Intracellular glycerol is usually converted to glycerol-3-P in an ATP-requiring phosphorylation reaction catalysed by glycerol kinase (GlpK). Glycerol-3-P, the inducer of the glpFK operon, is not a substrate for GlpF and hence remains entrapped in the cell where it is metabolized further. In some bacterial species, for example Bacillus firmus, glycerol-3-P activates the antiterminator GlpP [PMID: 1809833]. In B. subtilis, glpF and glpK are organised in an operon followed by the glycerol-3-P dehydrogenase-encoding glpD gene and preceded by glpP coding for an antiterminator regulating the expression of glpFK, glpD and glpTQ. Their induction requires the inducer glycerol-3-P, which activates the antiterminator GlpP by allowing it to bind to the leader region of glpD and presumably also of glpFK and glpTQ mRNAs.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SUPERFAMILY
GENE3D