Domain

Dynein heavy chain, ATP-binding dynein motor region (IPR035706)

Short name: AAA_9

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Dyneins are multiprotein complexes that move cargo along microtubules in the minus end direction. The largest component of the dynein complex is the heavy chain. Its C terminus forms the motor unit [PMID: 27062277].

The 380 kDa motor unit of dynein belongs to the AAA class of chaperone-like ATPases. The core of the 380 kDa motor unit contains a concatenated chain of six AAA modules, of which four correspond to the ATP binding sites with P-loop signatures described previously, and two are modules in which the P loop has been lost in evolution [PMID: 11250194].

This is the fifth AAA+ domain subdomain AAA5S. Structural analysis reveal that it is the coiled-coil buttress interface. The relative movement of AAA5S together with the stalk (AAA4S), is coupled to rearrangements in the AAA+ ring. Closure of the AAA1 site and the rigid body movement of AAA2-AAA4 force the AAA4/AAA5 interface to close and the AAA6L subdomain to rotate towards the ring centre. The AAA5S subdomain rotates as a unit together with AAA6L, and this movement pulls the buttress relative to the stalk [PMID: 25470043].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam