Domain

SH2 adaptor protein C, SH2 domain (IPR035676)

Short name: SHC_SH2

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Domain relationships

  • SH2 domain (IPR000980)
    • SH2 adaptor protein C, SH2 domain (IPR035676)

Description

The SH2-containing Shc adapter proteins are targets of activated tyrosine kinases and are implicated in the transmission of activation signals to the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway [PMID: 11607835]. Three Shc genes were originally identified in mammals that encode proteins characterised by an amino-terminal phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain and a carboxy-terminal Src homology 2 domain. Shc1 (ShcA) is ubiquitously expressed, whereas expression of Shc2 (ShcB) and Shc3 (ShcC) appears to be limited to neuronal cells [PMID: 8760305].

SHC is composed of an N-terminal domain that interacts with proteins containing phosphorylated tyrosines, a (glycine/proline)-rich collagen-homology domain that contains the phosphorylated binding site, and a C-terminal SH2 domain. SH2 has been shown to interact with the tyrosine-phosphorylated receptors of EGF and PDGF and with the tyrosine-phosphorylated C chain of the T-cell receptor, providing one of the mechanisms of T-cell-mediated Ras activation [PMID: 7544002]. In general SH2 domains are involved in signal transduction. They typically bind pTyr-containing ligands via two surface pockets, a pTyr and hydrophobic binding pocket, allowing proteins with SH2 domains to localize to tyrosine phosphorylated sites [PMID: 19926274, PMID: 10398925, PMID: 19273114].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD