Neutrophil cytosol factor 2, PB1 domain (IPR034885)

Short name: PB1_P67

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Domain relationships

  • PB1 domain (IPR000270)
    • Neutrophil cytosol factor 2, PB1 domain (IPR034885)


NADPH oxidase is a multisubunit complex that assembles during phagocytosis to generate reactive oxygen species. NCF2 (p67-phox), NCF1 (p47-phox) are required for activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase. The activators p67-phox and p47-phox form a ternary complex together with adaptor protein p40-phox, which participates in activation of the phagocyte oxidase by regulating membrane recruitment of p67-phox and p47-phox [PMID: 12207919, PMID: 27487400].

A PB1 domain is present in p67-phox. p40-phox associates with p67-phox via binding of the p40-phox PC motif to the p67-phox PB1 domain [PMID: 27487400].

PB1 domain is a modular domain mediating specific protein-protein interactions which play a role in many critical cell processes. A canonical PB1-PB1 interaction, which involves heterodimerization of two PB1 domains, is required for the formation of macromolecular signaling complexes ensuring specificity and fidelity during cellular signaling. The interaction between two PB1 domain depends on the type of PB1. There are three types of PB1 domains: type I which contains an OPCA motif, acidic aminoacid cluster, type II which contains a basic cluster, and type I/II which contains both an OPCA motif and a basic cluster. Interactions of PB1 domains with other protein domains have been described as noncanonical PB1-interactions [PMID: 17726178]. The p67-phox proteins contain a type II PB1 domain.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.