Domain

MyD88, death domain (IPR034249)

Short name: MyD88_Death

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Domain relationships

Description

This entry represents the Death Domain (DD) of Myeloid Differentiation primary response protein 88 (MyD88). MyD88 is an adaptor protein involved in interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R)- and Toll-like receptor (TLR)-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kB) and mitogen activated protein kinase pathways that lead to the induction of proinflammatory cytokines [PMID: 12217523]. It is a key component in the signaling pathway of pathogen recognition in the innate immune system. MyD88 contains an N-terminal DD and a C-terminal Toll/IL-1 Receptor (TIR) homology domain that mediates interaction with TLRs and IL-1R [PMID: 14993454].

In general, DDs are protein-protein interaction domains found in a variety of domain architectures. Their common feature is that they form homodimers by self-association or heterodimers by associating with other members of the DD superfamily including CARD (Caspase activation and recruitment domain), DED (Death Effector Domain), and PYRIN [PMID: 15226512]. They serve as adaptors in signaling pathways and can recruit other proteins into signaling complexes [PMID: 22429337].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0007165 signal transduction

Molecular Function

GO:0005515 protein binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD