Domain

Tumour necrosis factor receptor 3, N-terminal (IPR033997)

Short name: TNFRSF3_N

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 3 (TNFRSF3, also known as lymphotoxin beta receptor, LTbetaR, CD18, TNFCR, TNFR3, D12S370, TNFR-RP, TNFR2-RP, LT-BETA-R, TNF-R-III) plays a role in lipid metabolism, immune response, programmed cell death, and in signaling during development of lymphoid and other organs [PMID: 17336158, PMID: 22152226]. Its ligands include lymphotoxin (LT) alpha/beta membrane form (heterotrimer) and tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 14 (also known as LIGHT) [PMID: 12070288]. TNFRSF3 agonism by these ligands initiates canonical, as well as non-canonical nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling, and preferentially results in the translocation of p52-RELB complexes into the nucleus [PMID: 23524463]. While these ligands are often expressed by T and B cells, TNFRSF3 is conspicuously absent on T and B lymphocytes and NK cells, suggesting that signaling may be unidirectional for TNFRSF3 [PMID: 17633025]. Activity of this receptor has also been linked to carcinogenesis; it helps trigger apoptosis and can also lead to release of the interleukin 8 (IL8) [PMID: 20603617, PMID: 12169272]. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed.

This entry represents the N-terminal domain of TNFRSF3. TNF-receptors are modular proteins. The N-terminal extracellular part contains a cysteine-rich region responsible for ligand-binding. This region is composed of small modules of about 40 residues containing 6 conserved cysteines; the number and type of modules can vary in different members of the family [PMID: 9538693, PMID: 8387891, PMID: 11796220].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0048534 hematopoietic or lymphoid organ development
GO:0006955 immune response
GO:0043123 positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD