Domain

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1B, N-terminal (IPR033996)

Short name: TNFRSF1B_N

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B (TNFRSF1B, also known as TNFR2, type 2 TNFR, TNFBR, TNFR80, TNF-R75, TNF-R-II, p75, CD120b) binds TNF-alpha, but lacks the death domain (DD) that is associated with the cytoplasmic domain of TNFRSF1A (TNFR1) [PMID: 22374304]. It is inducible and expressed exclusively by oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, T cells, thymocytes, myocytes, endothelial cells, and in human mesenchymal stem cells [PMID: 22965073]. TNFRSF1B protects oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OLGs) against oxidative stress, and induces the up-regulation of cell survival genes [PMID: 24076392]. While pro-inflammatory and pathogen-clearing activities of TNF are mediated mainly through activation of TNFRSF1A, a strong activator of NF-kappaB, TNFRSF1B is more responsible for suppression of inflammation [PMID: 24379122]. Although the affinities of both receptors for soluble TNF are similar, TNFRSF1B is sometimes more abundantly expressed and thought to associate with TNF, thereby increasing its concentration near TNFRSF1A receptors, and making TNF available to activate TNFRSF1A (a ligand-passing mechanism) [PMID: 8395508].

This entry represents the N-terminal domain of TNFR1B. TNF-receptors are modular proteins. The N-terminal extracellular part contains a cysteine-rich region responsible for ligand-binding. This region is composed of small modules of about 40 residues containing 6 conserved cysteines; the number and type of modules can vary in different members of the family [PMID: 9538693, PMID: 8387891, PMID: 11796220].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006954 inflammatory response

Molecular Function

GO:0005031 tumor necrosis factor-activated receptor activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD