Protein-tyrosine kinase 2-beta (IPR030610)
Short name: PTK2B
Overlapping homologous superfamilies
Protein-tyrosine kinase 2-beta (PTK2B), also known as focal adhesion kinase 2 (FAK2), proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2), related adhesion focal tyrosine kinase (RAFTK), or calcium-dependent tyrosine kinase (CADTK), is a non-receptor protein-tyrosine kinase that is structurally similar to FAK [PMID: 20332118]. FAK and PYK2 may be involved in several overlapping signalling pathways [PMID: 9774338, PMID: 18391070]. FAK is expressed ubiquitously, whereas PYK2 expression is restricted to the endothelium, central nervous system, and hematopoietic lineages. PYK2 contains a central tyrosine kinase domain flanked by an N-terminal FERM domain, which mediates the binding of PYK2 to multiple proteins, and a C-terminal focal adhesion targeting (FAT) domain [PMID: 15888917]. PYK2 is sensitive to intracellular Ca+ signalling and G-protein-coupled receptors [PMID: 7544443, PMID: 8849729].
PYK2 plays a critical role in the migration of multiple cell lineages induced by growth factor, cytokine and integrin receptors. PYK2 alters the migratory ability of these cells by directly phosphorylating proteins that link focal adhesions to the actin cytoskeleton. It also recruits Src family kinases and other signalling proteins to focal adhesions, and directly alters actin cytoskeleton rearrangement via regulating the activity of Rac [PMID: 18765415, PMID: 15888917, PMID: 10704819]. It has roles in T-cells [PMID: 20381867], macrophages [PMID: 12960403], bone formation [PMID: 17846174, PMID: 19648005, PMID: 17537919],and vascular function [PMID: 17698736].
GO:2000249 regulation of actin cytoskeleton reorganization
GO:0045765 regulation of angiogenesis
GO:0030500 regulation of bone mineralization
GO:0030155 regulation of cell adhesion
GO:0030334 regulation of cell migration
GO:0042127 regulation of cell proliferation
GO:0002688 regulation of leukocyte chemotaxis
GO:0007165 signal transduction
GO:0004715 non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity
GO:0031234 extrinsic component of cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane
- PTHR24418:SF94 (PTHR24418:SF94)