Domain

DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3B, ADD domain (IPR030488)

Short name: DNMT3B_ADD

Domain relationships

  • ADD domain (IPR025766)
    • DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3B, ADD domain (IPR030488)

Description

This entry represents the ADD domain of DNMT3B. The ADD domain is composed of three clearly distinguishable modules that pack together through extensive hydrophobic interactions to form a single globular domain. Packed against this GATA-like finger is a second subdomain, which binds two zinc ions and closely resembles the structure reported for several PHD fingers. Finally, there is a long C-terminal alpha-helix that runs out from the PHD finger and makes extensive hydrophobic contacts with the N- terminal GATA finger, bringing the N- and C-termini of the ADD domain close together. This combination of fused GATA-like and PHD fingers within a single domain is thus far unique [PMID: 17609377, PMID: 19834512].

In mammals, DNA methylation patterns are thought to be established during embryonic development by de novo DNA methyltransferases 3A and 3B (DNMT3A/3B) [PMID: 10555141]. DNMT3A/3B work synergistically to propagate methylation patterns with DNMT3B stimulating DNMT3A activity by promoting its association with nucleosomes [PMID: 21304883]. Many DNMT3B isoforms from alternative splicing have been described, among which DNMT3B3 stimulates the basal activity of DNMT3 enzymes, but partially inhibits the stimulatory effect of DNMT3L, whereas DNMT3B4 significantly impairs de novo methylation [PMID: 25198254, PMID: 23894490]. DNMT3B is involved in development and is associated with several diseases, including cancers [PMID: 25198254].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006306 DNA methylation
GO:0010468 regulation of gene expression

Molecular Function

GO:0009008 DNA-methyltransferase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD