Domain

Circularly permuted (CP)-type guanine nucleotide-binding (G) domain (IPR030378)

Short name: G_CP_dom

Domain relationships

  • Circularly permuted (CP)-type guanine nucleotide-binding (G) domain (IPR030378)

Description

The P-loop guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) control a multitude of biological processes, ranging from cell division, cell cycling, and signal transduction, to ribosome assembly and protein synthesis. GTPases exert their control by interchanging between an inactive GDP-bound state and an active GTP-bound state, thereby acting as molecular switches. The common denominator of GTPases is the highly conserved guanine nucleotide-binding (G) domain that is responsible for binding and hydrolysis of guanine nucleotides.

The TRAFAC (named after translation factors) class includes an atypical family characterised by a circularly permuted (CP) order of the GTPase motifs within the G domain: the normal G1-G2-G3-G4-G5 orientation of the G domain has been rearranged to G4(N/T-K-x-D)-G5(T/G-C/S-A)-G1(Walker A, P-loop)-G2(T)-G3(Walker B). Despite such a variation (in motif order) observed at the primary sequence level, which should lead to different topological connections between the secondary structure elements, the three dimensional fold is well preserved. In addition, the GTP-binding site too is well conserved. It has been proposed that the CP-type G domain has evolved due to the duplication of a classical GTPase domain followed by deletion of both N- and C-terminal regions. The CP- type G domain is unlikely to exist as a single domain and is accompanied by at least one additional domain [PMID: 11916378, PMID: 16648363, PMID: 15331784].

The CP-type G domain has a typical G domain fold with a central seven-stranded beta-sheet (six parallel strands, one antiparallel strand) surrounded by six alpha-helices [PMID: 15331784, PMID: 18801747, PMID: 18536017, PMID: 18007041].

This entry reprsents the entire CP-type G domain. Some proteins known to contain a CP-type G domain are listed below:

  • Bacterial YjeQ (RsgA), composed of a N-terminal oligonucleotide/ oligosaccharide binding (OB-fold) RNA-binding domain, a central G domain, and a C-terminal cysteine cluster forming a zinc-finger motif. YjeQ GTPases assist in ribosome biogenesis and bind to the 30S subunit of mature ribosomes [PMID: 15331784, PMID: 18007041].
  • MTG1/YlqF from eukaryotes, archaea, and bacteria. It is involved in ribosome biogenesis [PMID: 18536017].
  • NOA1/MTG3/YqeH from eukaryotes and bacteria, binds ribosomes and consequently plays a role in their proper assembly and/or stability [PMID: 18801747, PMID: 18801746, PMID: 20456051, PMID: 22621929].
  • Nug2/YawG subfamily GTPases from eukaryotes and bacteria, implicated in biogenesis of the 60S ribosomal subunit [PMID: 21205822].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005525 GTP binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles