Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (IPR029839)
Short name: STAT4
- Transcription factor STAT (IPR001217)
- Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (IPR029839)
STAT proteins have a dual function: signal transduction and activation of transcription. STAT proteins contain a DNA-binding domain, a transactivation domain, and an Src homology 2 (SH2) domain, which is required for dimerisation. When cytokines are bound to cell surface receptors, the associated Janus kinases (JAKs) are activated, leading to tyrosine phosphorylation of the given STAT proteins [PMID: 12209125]. Phosphorylated STATs form dimers, translocate to the nucleus, and bind specific response elements to activate transcription of target genes [PMID: 14668806].
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) transduces interleukin-12, interleukin-23, and type I interferon cytokine signals in T cells and monocytes [PMID: 15546391, PMID: 12213961]. It plays an important role in CD4+ Th1 lineage differentiation and IFN-gamma protein expression by CD4+ T cells [PMID: 24920804]. It is crucial for both innate and adaptive immune responses to viral infection [PMID: 24920804].
Variations of the STAT4 gene affect the susceptibility to autoimmune diseases [PMID: 18682104], such as systemic lupus erythematosus 11 (SLEB11) [PMID: 19109131] and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) [PMID: 17804842].
No terms assigned in this category.
- PTHR11801:SF61 (PTHR11801:SF61)