Family

Matrix metalloproteinase-15 (IPR028729)

Short name: MMP15

Family relationships

Description

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-dependent and calcium-dependent proteases that cleave within a polypeptide (endopeptidases). They degrade most components of the extracellular matrix (such as growth factors, their binding proteins, and other bioactive molecules, as well as binding sites for cell-surface molecules) and some non-extracellular-matrix molecules [PMID: 12801404]. Two categories of MMPs can be recognised based on their cellular localisation: soluble vs. membrane-bound. The soluble MMPs are divided into the collagenases (MMP1, MMP8 and MMP13), gelatinases (MMP2 and MMP9), stromelysins (MMP3, MMP12) and those yet to be classified. The membrane-bound MMPs include MT1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and their hallmark is the presence of plasma membrane anchoring domains [PMID: 12027585]. MMPs are highly expressed in various cancers, both by tumour cells and in surrounding stromal cells such as macrophages [PMID: 12801404].

Matrix metalloproteinase-15 (MMP15; MEROPS identifier M10.015) or membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase 2 degrades various components of the extracellular matrix [PMID: 7559440, PMID: 9461298]. The increase expression of MMP15 has been linked to cancer progression [PMID: 22998427].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006508 proteolysis

Molecular Function

GO:0004222 metalloendopeptidase activity
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding

Cellular Component

GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER