Domain

Mu homology domain (IPR028565)

Short name: MHD

Domain relationships

Description

The mu homology domain (MHD) is an ~280 residue protein-protein interaction module, which is found in endocytotic proteins involved in clathrin-mediated endocytosis [PMID: 11381094, PMID: 11454741, PMID: 14726597, PMID: 19713939]:

  • Mu subunits of adaptor protein (AP) complexes, AP-1, AP-2, AP-3, and AP-4.
  • Proteins of the stonin family.
  • Proteins of the muniscin family: Syp1, FCHO1/2 and SGIP1.

The MHD domain has an elongated, banana-shaped, all beta-sheet structure. It can be considered as two beta-sandwich subdomains (A and B), with subdomain B inserted between strands 6 and 15 of subdomain A, and joined edge to edge such that the convex surface is a continuous nine-stranded mixed beta-sheet that runs the whole length of the molecule. The tyrosine based signal binds to a site on the surface of two parallel beta-sheet strands (beta1 and beta16) in subdomain A [PMID: 19713939, PMID: 9812899].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles
SUPERFAMILY