1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase eta-1 (IPR028392)
Short name: PLC-eta1
Overlapping homologous superfamilies
- Phosphoinositide phospholipase C family (IPR001192)
- 1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase eta-1 (IPR028392)
Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), also known as 1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase, plays a role in the inositol phospholipid signaling by hydrolysing phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate to produce the second messengers inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). These cause the increase of intracellular calcium concentration and the activation of protein kinase C (PKC), respectively.
The PLC family in murine or human species is comprised of multiple subtypes. On the basis of their structure, they have been divided into five classes, beta (beta-1, 2, 3 and 4), gamma (gamma-1 and 2), delta (delta-1, 3 and 4), epsilon, zeta, and eta types [PMID: 15140260, PMID: 15702972].
The PLC-eta gene is transcribed to several splicing variants. This entry represents PLC-eta-1, which may have an important role in the brain [PMID: 15702972].
- PTHR10336:SF51 (PTHR10336:SF51)