Family

Fibroblast growth factor 10 (IPR028252)

Short name: FGF10

Family relationships

Description

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) [PMID: 2549857, PMID: 3072709] are a family of multifunctional proteins, often referred to as 'promiscuous growth factors' due to their diverse actions on multiple cell types [PMID: 1705486, PMID: 8760337]. The function of FGFs in developmental processes include mesoderm induction, anterior-posterior patterning, limb development, and neural induction and development. In mature tissues, they are involved in diverse processes including keratinocyte organisation and wound healing [PMID: 11276432, PMID: 23000357, PMID: 15689573, PMID: 10441498, PMID: 23108135, PMID: 23016864]. FGF involvement is critical during normal development of both vertebrates and invertebrates, and irregularities in their function leads to a range of developmental defects [PMID: 1649700, PMID: 11746231, PMID: 14745970, PMID: 8978613]. Fibroblast growth factors are heparin-binding proteins and interactions with cell-surface-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycans have been shown to be essential for FGF signal transduction. There are currently over 20 different FGF family members that have been identified in mammals, all of which are structurally related signaling molecules [PMID: 8652550, PMID: 11276432]. They exert their effects through four distinct membrane fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs), FGFR1 to FGFR4 [PMID: 7583099], which belong to the tyrosine kinase superfamily.

This entry represents fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10), also known as keratinocyte growth factor 2. This protein plays an important role in the regulation of embryonic development, cell proliferation, cell differentiation and cell migration. FGF10 exhibits mitogenic activity for keratinizing epidermal cells, but essentially no activity for fibroblasts, which is similar to the biological activity of FGF7 [PMID: 9287324]. Studies suggest FGF10 is required for embryonic epidermal morphogenesis including brain development, lung morphogenesis, and initiation of limb bud formation [PMID: 11923311, PMID: 9784490, PMID: 9916808]. FGF10 is also implicated as a primary factor in the process of wound healing [PMID: 9927546, PMID: 16597617]. FGF10 interacts with FGFR1, but has a higher affinity FGFR2 [PMID: 15806171, PMID: 8663044].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0008543 fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway

Molecular Function

GO:0005104 fibroblast growth factor receptor binding

Cellular Component

GO:0005576 extracellular region

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER