Fibroblast growth factor 2 (IPR028223)
Short name: FGF2
Overlapping homologous superfamilies
- Cytokine IL1/FGF (IPR008996)
- Fibroblast growth factor family (IPR002209)
- Fibroblast growth factor 2 (IPR028223)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) [PMID: 2549857, PMID: 3072709] are a family of multifunctional proteins, often referred to as 'promiscuous growth factors' due to their diverse actions on multiple cell types [PMID: 1705486, PMID: 8760337]. FGFs are mitogens, which stimulate growth or differentiation of cells of mesodermal or neuroectodermal origin. The function of FGFs in developmental processes include mesoderm induction, anterior-posterior patterning, limb development, and neural induction and development. In mature tissues, they are involved in diverse processes including keratinocyte organisation and wound healing [PMID: 11276432, PMID: 23000357, PMID: 15689573, PMID: 10441498, PMID: 23108135, PMID: 23016864]. FGF involvement is critical during normal development of both vertebrates and invertebrates, and irregularities in their function leads to a range of developmental defects [PMID: 1649700, PMID: 11746231, PMID: 14745970, PMID: 8978613]. Fibroblast growth factors are heparin-binding proteins and interactions with cell-surface-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycans have been shown to be essential for FGF signal transduction. FGFs have internal pseudo-threefold symmetry (beta-trefoil topology) [PMID: 10830168]. There are currently over 20 different FGF family members that have been identified in mammals, all of which are structurally related signaling molecules [PMID: 8652550, PMID: 11276432]. They exert their effects through four distinct membrane fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs), FGFR1 to FGFR4 [PMID: 7583099], which belong to the tyrosine kinase superfamily. Upon binding to FGF, the receptors dimerize and their intracellular tyrosine kinase domains become active [PMID: 7583099].
This entry represents fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), also known as heparin-binding growth factor 2 and basic fibroblast growth factor. The protein plays an important role in the regulation of cell survival, cell division, angiogenesis, cell differentiation and cell migration and is a potent mitogen in vitro [PMID: 1721615, PMID: 8663044]. FGF2 has a high affinity for FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR4, but a very low affinity with FGFR3 [PMID: 8663044, PMID: 8530375, PMID: 10574949, PMID: 8530375]. FGF2 has also been shown to interact with casein kinase II subunit alpha [PMID: 12145206] and some ribosomal proteins [PMID: 9826564, PMID: 11716516].
- PTHR11486:SF83 (PTHR11486:SF83)