Family

Tissue plasminogen activator (IPR026280)

Short name: Tissue_plasm_act

Family relationships

Description

Tissue-type plasminogen activator is a serine peptidase belonging to MEROPS peptidase family S1 (chymotrypsin family, clan PA(S)), subfamily S1A.

The fibrinolytic system is the mechanism by which blood clots are dissolved via the plasmin-mediated degradation of fibrin into soluble end products. The system is activated by urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA; EC:3.4.21.73) or by tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA; EC:3.4.21.68; this family), which are enzymes that convert the inactive proenzyme plasminogen to the active protease plasmin [PMID: 11460480].

tPA is mainly involved in the activation of circulating plasminogen, while uPA activates cell-bound plasminogen after binding to a specific uPA receptor (uPAR).

Following the signal sequence and propeptide regions, tPA typically contains a fibronectin type I (FN1) domain, an EGF-type domain, two kringle domains and a trypsin domain. However, there are members missing FN1 or EGF or one of the kringles.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0031639 plasminogen activation
GO:0006508 proteolysis

Molecular Function

GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PIRSF