Family

Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase, SETD3 (IPR025785)

Short name: Hist-Lys_N-MeTrfase_SETD3

Family relationships

None.

Description

Members from this family methylate 'Lys-36' of histone H3 (H3K36me). H3 'Lys-36' methylation represents a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation. This enzyme may act as a regulator of apoptosis, possibly by regulating apoptosis related-target genes [PMID: 21307598].

Methyltransferases (EC 2.1.1.-) constitute an important class of enzymes present in every life form. They transfer a methyl group most frequently from S-adenosyl L-methionine (SAM or AdoMet) to a nucleophilic acceptor such as oxygen leading to S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (AdoHcy) and a methylated molecule [PMID: 16225687, PMID: 21858014, PMID: 12826405]. All these enzymes have in common a conserved region of about 130 amino acid residues that allow them to bind SAM [PMID: 7897657]. The substrates that are methylated by these enzymes cover virtually every kind of biomolecules ranging from small molecules, to lipids, proteins and nucleic acids [PMID: 16225687, PMID: 21858014, PMID: 7897657]. Methyltransferase are therefore involved in many essential cellular processes including biosynthesis, signal transduction, protein repair, chromatin regulation and gene silencing [PMID: 16225687, PMID: 21858014, PMID: 12826405]. More than 230 families of methyltransferases have been described so far, of which more than 220 use SAM as the methyl donor.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0010452 histone H3-K36 methylation
GO:0018022 peptidyl-lysine methylation

Molecular Function

GO:0046975 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific)
GO:0003713 transcription coactivator activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles