Family

Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase SET9 (IPR025783)

Short name: Hist-Lys_N-MeTrfase_SET9

Family relationships

None.

Description

This entry represents histone-lysine N-methyltransferase SET9 that belongs to the Suvar4-20 subfamily. This enzyme methylates 'Lys-20' of histone H4. H4 'Lys-20' methylation is apparently not involved in the regulation of gene expression or heterochromatin function, but participates in DNA damage response by giving a 'histone mark' required for the recruitment of the checkpoint protein Crb2 to sites of DNA damage [PMID: 15550243, PMID: 19250904].

Methyltransferases (EC 2.1.1.-) constitute an important class of enzymes present in every life form. They transfer a methyl group most frequently from S-adenosyl L-methionine (SAM or AdoMet) to a nucleophilic acceptor such as oxygen leading to S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (AdoHcy) and a methylated molecule [PMID: 16225687, PMID: 21858014, PMID: 12826405]. All these enzymes have in common a conserved region of about 130 amino acid residues that allow them to bind SAM [PMID: 7897657]. The substrates that are methylated by these enzymes cover virtually every kind of biomolecules ranging from small molecules, to lipids, proteins and nucleic acids [PMID: 16225687, PMID: 21858014, PMID: 7897657]. Methyltransferase are therefore involved in many essential cellular processes including biosynthesis, signal transduction, protein repair, chromatin regulation and gene silencing [PMID: 16225687, PMID: 21858014, PMID: 12826405]. More than 230 families of methyltransferases have been described so far, of which more than 220 use SAM as the methyl donor.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0034770 histone H4-K20 methylation

Molecular Function

GO:0042799 histone methyltransferase activity (H4-K20 specific)

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles