Family

Tuberculosis necrotizing toxin (IPR025331)

Short name: TNT

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Family relationships

None.

Description

This is the C-terminal domain of CpnT secreted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). It induces necrosis of infected cells to evade immune responses. Mtb utilizes the protein CpnT to kill human macrophages by secreting its C-terminal domain (CTD), named tuberculosis necrotizing toxin (TNT), that induces necrosis. It acts as a NAD+ glycohydrolase which hydrolyzes the essential cellular coenzyme NAD+ in the cytosol of infected macrophages resulting in necrotic cell death [PMID: 26237511]. CpnT transports its toxic CTD from the cell surface of M. tuberculosis by proteolytic cleavage, where the toxin is cleaved to induce host cell death [PMID: 24753609].

Structural analysis determined that the TNT core contains only six beta-strands as opposed to seven found in all known NAD+-utilizing toxins, and is significantly smaller, with only two short alpha-helices and two 3/10 helices. Furthermore, the putative NAD+ binding pocket identified Q822, Y765 and R757 as residues possibly involved in NAD+-binding and hydrolysis based on similar positions of catalytic amino acids of ADP-ribosylating toxins. Glutamine 822 residue was detected to be highly conserved among TNT homologues [PMID: 26237511].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam