Family

Tumour necrosis factor receptor 27 (IPR022319)

Short name: TNFR_27

Family relationships

None.

Description

The tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (TNFR) superfamily comprises more than 20 type-I transmembrane proteins. Family members are defined based on similarity in their extracellular domain -a region that contains many cysteine residues arranged in a specific repetitive pattern [PMID: 7917108]. The cysteines allow formation of an extended rod-like structure, responsible for ligand binding [PMID: 8387891].

Upon receptor activation, different intracellular signalling complexes are assembled for different members of the TNFR superfamily, depending on their intracellular domains and sequences [PMID: 15500863]. Activation of TNFRs can therefore induce a range of disparate effects, including cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, or apoptotic cell death, depending upon the receptor involved [PMID: 11239407, PMID: 9826575].

TNFRs are widely distributed and play important roles in many crucial biological processes, such as lymphoid and neuronal development, innate and adaptive immunity, and maintenance of cellular homeostasis [PMID: 15500863]. Drugs that manipulate their signalling have potential roles in the prevention and treatment of many diseases, such as viral infections, coronary heart disease, transplant rejection, and immune disease [PMID: 9826574].

TNF receptor 27 (also known as ectodysplasin A2 receptor (EDA2R) and ectodysplasin receptor, x-linked (XEDAR)) is highly expressed during embryogenesis [PMID: 15280356], and has been implicated in the development of ectodermal appendages, such as hair follicles, teeth and sweat glands [PMID: 17362907]. Although it lacks a death domain, the receptor can nevertheless induce cell death via activation of caspase 8, and may play a role in the induction of apoptosis during embryonic development and adult life [PMID: 15280356].

A single partial match was also found, B4DQY6, a translated human cDNA sequence that fails to match motif 1.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER
PRINTS