Domain

KHA domain (IPR021789)

Short name: KHA_dom

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Potassium channels take part in important processes of higher plants, including opening and closing of stomatal pores and leaf movement. Inward rectifying potassium (K(+)in) channels play an important role in turgor regulation and ion uptake in higher plants. All of them comprise, from their N-terminal to their C-terminal ends: a short hydrophilic region, a hydrophobic region structurally analogous and partially homologous to the transmembrane domain of voltage-gated animal channels from the Shaker superfamily, a putative cyclic nucleotide-binding domain, and a conserved C-terminal KHA domain. Between these last two regions, some of them (AKT1, AKT2 and SKT1) contain an ankyrin-repeat domain with six repeats homologous to those of human erythrocyte ankyrin.

This entry represents the KHA domain which is unique to plant K(+)in channels. The KHA domain contains two high-homology blocks enriched for hydrophobic and acidic residues, respectively. The KHA domain is essential for interaction of plant K(+)in channels. The KHA domain mediates tetramerization and/or stabilisation of the heteromers [PMID: 9202139, PMID: 9218788, PMID: 11849592].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles
Pfam