Domain

Aspartic peptidase domain (IPR021109)

Short name: Peptidase_aspartic_dom

Domain relationships

Description

Aspartic endopeptidases EC:3.4.23. of vertebrate, fungal and retroviral origin have been characterised [PMID: 1455179]. More recently, aspartic endopeptidases associated with the processing of bacterial type 4 prepilin [PMID: 10625704] and archaean preflagellin have been described [PMID: 16983194, PMID: 14622420].

Structurally, aspartic endopeptidases are bilobal enzymes, each lobe contributing a catalytic Asp residue, with an extended active site cleft localised between the two lobes of the molecule. One lobe has probably evolved from the other through a gene duplication event in the distant past. In modern-day enzymes, although the three-dimensional structures are very similar, the amino acid sequences are more divergent, except for the catalytic site motif, which is very conserved. The presence and position of disulphide bridges are other conserved features of aspartic peptidases. All or most aspartate peptidases are endopeptidases. These enzymes have been assigned into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, largely on the basis of their tertiary structure.

These aspartate proteases all contain a common closed beta barrel structure, which includes pepsin, cathepsin, chymosin, beta-secretase, plasmepsin, plant acid proteases and retroviral proteases [PMID: 12475196, PMID: 15153096].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
GENE3D
SUPERFAMILY