Family

Tumour necrosis factor receptor 8 (IPR020416)

Short name: TNFR_8

Family relationships

None.

Description

The tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (TNFR) superfamily comprises more than 20 type-I transmembrane proteins. Family members are defined based on similarity in their extracellular domain - a region that contains many cysteine residues arranged in a specific repetitive pattern [PMID: 7917108]. The cysteines allow formation of an extended rod-like structure, responsible for ligand binding [PMID: 8387891].

Upon receptor activation, different intracellular signalling complexes are assembled for different members of the TNFR superfamily, depending on their intracellular domains and sequences [PMID: 15500863]. Activation of TNFRs can therefore induce a range of disparate effects, including cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, or apoptotic cell death, depending upon the receptor involved [PMID: 11239407, PMID: 9826575].

TNFRs are widely distributed and play important roles in many crucial biological processes, such as lymphoid and neuronal development, innate and adaptive immunity, and maintenance of cellular homeostasis [PMID: 15500863]. Drugs that manipulate their signalling have potential roles in the prevention and treatment of many diseases, such as viral infections, coronary heart disease, transplant rejection, and immune disease [PMID: 9826574].

TNF receptor 8 (also known as CD30 and Ki-1 antigen) was originally described as a marker of Hodgkin's and Reed-Sternberg cells in Hodgkin's lymphoma. Expression of the receptor is largely restricted to virus-infected lymphocytes, neoplasms of lymphoid origin and a subset of activated T cells that produce Th2-type cytokines [PMID: 9826579]. The receptor has pleiotropic biological functions, including inducement apoptosis and enhancement of cell survival [PMID: 10569134].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0007165 signal transduction

Molecular Function

GO:0004888 transmembrane signaling receptor activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PRINTS