Domain

Protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 15A/B, C-terminal (IPR019523)

Short name: Prot_Pase1_reg-su15A/B_C

Domain relationships

None.

Description

This entry represents the conserved C terminus of the regulatory subunit (15A and 15B) of protein phosphatase 1. This C-terminal domain appears to be a binding region for the catalytic subunit (PP1C) of protein phosphatase-1, which may in some circumstances also be retroviral in origin since it is found in both herpes simplex virus and in mouse and man. This domain is found in Gadd-34 apoptosis-associated proteins as well as the constitutive repressor of eIF2-alpha phosphorylation/protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 15b, otherwise known as CReP. Diverse stressful conditions are associated with phosphorylation of the alpha-subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2-alpha) on serine 51. This signaling event, which is conserved from yeast to mammals, negatively regulates the guanine nucleotide exchange factor, eIF2-B and inhibits the recycling of eIF2 to its active GTP bound form. In mammalian cells eIF2-alpha phosphorylation emerges as an important event in stress signaling that impacts on gene expression at both the translational and transcriptional levels [PMID: 14638860].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam