Conserved Site

Crustacean neurohormone, conserved site (IPR018251)

Short name: Crust_neurhormone_CS

Description

Arthropod express a family of neuropeptides [PMID: 8590372] which so far consist of the following types of neurohormones:

  • Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH). CHH is primarily involved in blood sugar regulation, but also plays a role in the control of molting and reproduction.
  • Molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH). MIH inhibits Y-organs where molting hormone (ecdysteroid) is secreted. A molting cycle is initiated when MIH secretion diminishes or stops.
  • Gonad-inhibiting hormone (GIH), also known as vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH) because of its role in inhibiting vitellogenesis in female animals.
  • Mandibular organ-inhibiting hormone (MOIH). MOIH represses the synthesis of methyl farnesoate, the precursor of insect juvenile hormone III in the mandibular organ.
  • Ion transport peptide (ITP) from locust. ITP stimulates salt and water reabsorption and inhibits acid secretion in the ileum of the locust.
  • Caenorhabditis elegans hypothetical protein ZC168.2.
These neurohormones are peptides of 70 to 80 residues which are processed from larger size precursors. They contain six conserved cysteines that are involved in disulphide bonds, as shown in the following schematic representation.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005184 neuropeptide hormone activity

Cellular Component

GO:0005576 extracellular region

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns