Conserved Site

Myelin proteolipid protein PLP, conserved site (IPR018237)

Short name: Myelin_PLP_CS

Description

The myelin sheath is a multi-layered membrane, unique to the nervous system, that functions as an insulator to greatly increase the velocity of axonal impulse conduction [PMID: 2435734]. Myelin proteolipid protein (PLP or lipophilin) [PMID: 1711121] is the major myelin protein from the central nervous system (CNS). It probably plays an important role in the formation or maintenance of the multilamellar structure of myelin. In man point mutations in PLP are the cause of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD), a neurologic disorder of myelin metabolism. In animals dismyelinating diseases such as mouse 'jimpy' (jp), rat md, or dog 'shaking pup' are also caused by mutations in PLP.

PLP is a highly conserved [PMID: 1722981] hydrophobic protein of 276 to 280 amino acids which seems to contain four transmembrane segments, two disulphide bonds and which covalently binds lipids (at least six palmitate groups in mammals) [PMID: 1281423].

PLP is highly related to M6, a neuronal membran glycoprotein [PMID: 8398137].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns
PROSITE patterns