Family

GDP dissociation inhibitor (IPR018203)

Short name: GDP_dissociation_inhibitor

Family relationships

Description

Rab proteins constitute a family of small GTPases that serve a regulatory role in vesicular membrane traffic [PMID: 7957092, PMID: 7585614]; C-terminal geranylgeranylation is crucial for their membrane association and function. This post-translational modification is catalysed by Rab geranylgeranyl transferase (Rab-GGTase), a multi-subunit enzyme that contains a catalytic heterodimer and an accessory component, termed Rab escort protein (REP)-1 [PMID: 7957092]. REP-1 presents newly- synthesised Rab proteins to the catalytic component, and forms a stable complex with the prenylated proteins following the transfer reaction.

The mechanism of REP-1-mediated membrane association of Rab5 is similar to that mediated by Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI). REP-1 and Rab GDI also share other functional properties, including the ability to inhibit the release of GDP and to remove Rab proteins from membranes.

The crystal structure of the bovine alpha-isoform of Rab GDI has been determined to a resolution of 1.81A [PMID: 8609986]. The protein is composed of two main structural units: a large complex multi-sheet domain I, and a smaller alpha-helical domain II.

The structural organisation of domain I is closely related to FAD-containing monooxygenases and oxidases [PMID: 8609986]. Conserved regions common to GDI and the choroideraemia gene product, which delivers Rab to catalytic subunits of Rab geranylgeranyltransferase II, are clustered on one face of the domain [PMID: 7585614]. The two most conserved regions form a compact structure at the apex of the molecule; site-directed mutagenesis has shown these regions to play a critical role in the binding of Rab proteins [PMID: 8609986].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PRINTS
Pfam