Conserved Site

Aldo/keto reductase, conserved site (IPR018170)

Short name: Aldo/ket_reductase_CS

Description

The aldo-keto reductase family includes a number of related monomeric NADPH-dependent oxidoreductases, such as aldehyde reductase, aldose reductase, prostaglandin F synthase, xylose reductase, rho crystallin, and many others [PMID: 2498333]. All possess a similar structure, with a beta-alpha-beta fold characteristic of nucleotide binding proteins [PMID: 2105951]. The fold comprises a parallel beta-8/alpha-8-barrel, which contains a novel NADP-binding motif. The binding site is located in a large, deep, elliptical pocket in the C-terminal end of the beta sheet, the substrate being bound in an extended conformation. The hydrophobic nature of the pocket favours aromatic and apolar substrates over highly polar ones [PMID: 1621098].

Binding of the NADPH coenzyme causes a massive conformational change, reorienting a loop, effectively locking the coenzyme in place. This binding is more similar to FAD- than to NAD(P)-binding oxidoreductases [PMID: 1447221].

Some proteins of this entry contain a K+ ion channel beta chain regulatory domain; these are reported to have oxidoreductase activity [PMID: 10884227].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns
PROSITE patterns
PROSITE patterns