Pathways & interactions
HTH domain, IS21 transposase-type (IPR017894)
Short name: HTH_IS21_transposase_type
Autonomous mobile genetic elements such as transposons or insertion sequences (IS) encode an enzyme, called transposase, required for excising and inserting the mobile element. The IS21 is among the largest of bacterial IS elements and encodes a transposase designated as istA (ORF1) as well as a second protein istB (ORF2) and represents the IS21/IS408/IS1162 family [PMID: 11315188]. The transposases of IS21-like IS contain a helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif, represented by this entry, in the N-terminal part that probably binds to DNA. An integrase catalytic domain (see IPR001584) forms the central part of these IS21/IS408/IS1162 family transposases.
On the basis of sequence similarities, two types of HTH-domains can be found in IS21-like transposases.
The first, IS21 transposase-type HTH domain, occurs in transposases from the following elements:
- IS21 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- IS1326 from P. aeruginosa
- IS640 from Shigella sonnei
- IS5376 from Bacillus stearothermophilus
- IS232 from Bacillus thuringiensis
- IS21-like from Bacteroides fragilis
- A potential insertion element from Chelatobacter heintzii
The second is a IS408/IS1162 transposase-type HTH domain. Some proteins known to contain this domain:
- A putative transposase y4uI from Rhizobium sp. (strain NGR234)
- A putative transposase y4bL/y4kJ/y4tB, also from strain NGR234
- Transposase from IS408 from Burkholderia cepacia
- Transposase from IS1162 from Pseudomonas fluorescens
This entry represents the IS21 transposase-type HTH domain.
- PS50531 (HTH_IS21)