Family

Phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma (IPR016279)

Short name: PLC-gamma

Family relationships

Description

Phospholipase C gamma (PLCg), also known as 1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma, is a member of the family of phosphoinositide specific PLCs that convert phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate into second messengers 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), thereby initiating and propagating numerous cellular signaling events [PMID: 20807769].

There are two forms of phospholipase C-gamma, PLCg1 and PLCg2. PLCg1 is widely distributed but the expression of PLCg2 is primarily limited to cells of haematopoietic lineage [PMID: 11602179]. PLCg1 is critical in many cells, and in haematopoietic systems it is required for T cell and NK cell function, whereas PLCg2 is important in mast cells, NK cells, B cells, and platelets. A third form, plc-3, is known from Caenorhabditis elegans [PMID: 15194811].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0009395 phospholipid catabolic process
GO:0007165 signal transduction

Molecular Function

GO:0004435 phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C activity
GO:0004871 signal transducer activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PIRSF