Homologous Superfamily

Cullin repeat-like-containing domain superfamily (IPR016159)

Short name: Cullin_repeat-like_dom_sf

Description

Cullins are a family of hydrophobic proteins that act as scaffolds for ubiquitin ligases (E3). Cullins are found throughout eukaryotes. Humans express seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), each forming part of a multi-subunit ubiquitin complex. Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRLs), such as Cul1 (SCF) [PMID: 8681378], play an essential role in targeting proteins for ubiquitin-mediated destruction; as such, they are diverse in terms of composition and function, regulating many different processes from glucose sensing and DNA replication to limb patterning and circadian rhythms. The catalytic core of CRLs consists of a RING protein and a cullin family member. For Cul1, the C-terminal cullin-homology domain binds the RING protein. The RING protein appears to function as a docking site for ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s). Other proteins contain a cullin-homology domain, such as the APC2 subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome and the p53 cytoplasmic anchor PARC; both APC2 and PARC have ubiquitin ligase activity. The N-terminal region of cullins is more variable, and is used to interact with specific adaptor proteins [PMID: 15688063, PMID: 11961546, PMID: 15537541].

This superfamily represents the N-terminal cullin repeat-containing domain; these repeats form a domain with a multi-helical 2-layered alpha/alpha structure, which in turn is folded into a right-handed superhelix. A similar structural domain is found in exocyst complex components such as EXO70 and EXO84.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SUPERFAMILY