Cytochrome c prime, subgroup (IPR015984)

Short name: Cyt_c_prime_subgr

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships


Cytochromes c (cytC) can be defined as electron-transfer proteins having one or several haem c groups, bound to the protein by one or, more generally, two thioether bonds involving sulphydryl groups of cysteine residues. The fifth haem iron ligand is always provided by a histidine residue. CytC possess a wide range of properties and function in a large number of different redox processes. Ambler [PMID: 1646017] recognised four classes of cytC.

Class II includes the high-spin cytC' and a number of low-spin cytochromes, e.g. cyt c-556. The haem-attachment site is close to the C terminus. The cytC' are capable of binding such ligands as CO, NO or CN(-), albeit with rate and equilibrium constants 100 to 1,000,000-fold smaller than other high-spin haemoproteins [PMID: 1646027]. This, coupled with its relatively low redox potential, makes it unlikely that cytC' is a terminal oxidase. Thus cytC' probably functions as an electron transfer protein [PMID: 1646016].

The 3D structures of a number of cytC' have been determined. The molecule usually exists as a dimer, each monomer folding as a four-alpha-helix bundle incorporating a covalently-bound haem group at the core [PMID: 1646016]. The Chromatium vinosum cytC' exhibits dimer dissociation upon ligand binding [PMID: 8230224].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.