Domain

Guanylate-binding protein, N-terminal (IPR015894)

Short name: Guanylate-bd_N

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Guanylate-binding protein is a GTPase that is induced by interferon (IFN)-gamma. GTPases induced by IFN-gamma are key to the protective immunity against microbial and viral pathogens. These GTPases are classified into three groups: the small 47-kd GTPases, the Mx proteins, and the large 65- to 67-kd GTPases. Guanylate-binding proteins (GBP) fall into the last class. In humans, there are seven GBPs (hGBP1-7) [PMID: 17266443]. Structurally, hGBP1 consists of two domains: a compact globular N-terminal domain harbouring the GTPase function, and an alpha-helical finger-like C-terminal domain (IPR003191). Human GBP1 is secreted from cells without the need of a leader peptide, and has been shown to exhibit antiviral activity against Vesicular stomatitis virus and Encephalomyocarditis virus, as well as being able to regulate the inhibition of proliferation and invasion of endothelial cells in response to IFN-gamma [PMID: 16936281].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005525 GTP binding
GO:0003924 GTPase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam