Methyl-coenzyme M reductase, alpha subunit, N-terminal subdomain 2 (IPR015823)
Short name: Me_CoM_Rdtase_asu_N_sub2
- Methyl-coenzyme M reductase, beta subunit (IPR003179)
- Methyl-coenzyme M reductase, alpha subunit, N-terminal (IPR003183)
- Methyl-coenzyme M reductase, ferredoxin-like fold (IPR009024)
- Methyl coenzyme M reductase, alpha subunit (IPR016212)
- Methyl-coenzyme M reductase, beta subunit, N-terminal (IPR022680)
Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR) catalyses the reduction of methyl-coenzyme M (CH3-SCoM) and coenzyme B (HS-CoB) to methane and the corresponding heterosulphide CoM-S-S-CoB (EC:220.127.116.11), the final step in methane biosynthesis. This reaction proceeds under anaerobic conditions by methanogenic Archaea [PMID: 16260307], and requires a nickel-porphinoid prosthetic group, coenzyme F430, which is in the EPR-detectable Ni(I) oxidation state in the active enzyme. Studies on a catalytically inactive enzyme aerobically co-crystallized with coenzyme M displayed a fully occupied coenzyme M-binding site with no alternate conformations. The binding of coenzyme M appears to induce specific conformational changes that suggests a molecular mechanism by which the enzyme ensures that methyl-coenzyme M enters the substrate channel prior to coenzyme B, as required by the active-site geometry [PMID: 11491299].
MCR is a hexamer composed of 2 alpha, 2 beta, and 2 gamma subunits with two identical nickel porphinoid active sites, which form two long active site channels with F430 embedded at the bottom [PMID: 9367957, PMID: 16234924].
This entry represents a subdomain of the N-terminal region of the alpha subunit. The N-terminal domain has a ferredoxin-like alpha/beta-sandwich fold with a duplicated beta-alpha-beta topology. This subdomain has an alpha-beta-sandwich topology.
- G3DSA:18.104.22.1680 (G3DSA:22.214.171.1240)