Family

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (IPR015476)

Short name: Calcitonin_gene-rel_peptide

Family relationships

Description

The calcitonin (CT) gene is alternatively expressed in a tissue-specific manner, producing either the calcium regulatory hormone CT in the thyroid, or the neuropeptide calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) in the brain [PMID: 2985435]. In medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, both peptides are produced [PMID: 2985435].

The calcitonin regulatory hormone is a peptide of 32 residues that causes a rapid but short-lived drop in calcium and phosphate levels in the blood by promoting the incorporation of these ions in the bones [PMID: 3060108]. The structure of Oncorhynchus sp. (Salmon) calcitonin has been studied by 2D NMR in SDS micelles [PMID: 1931969]. The main conformational feature of the hormone is an alpha-helix from residues 6-22, which includes an amphipathic segment. Two cysteine residues (at positions 1 and 7) form an N-terminal loop, and a C-terminal decapeptide forms a loop that folds back towards the helix [PMID: 1931969].

CGRP is a 37-residue peptide produced by alternative splicing of the CT gene. CGRP induces vasodilation in various vessels, including those of the coronary, cerebral and systemic vasculature. A neurotransmitter or neuro-modulator role is suggested by its abundance in the CNS [PMID: 2985435]. The structure of human CGRP has been determined by 1H NMR [PMID: 1988044]. The main conformational feature of the hormone is an N-terminal disulphide-bonded loop (residues 2-7), leading into a well-defined alpha-helix between residues 8 and 18; thereafter, the structure is predominantly disordered, although there are indications of a preference for a turn-type conformation between residues 19 and 21 [PMID: 1988044].

This entry represents the full-length propeptide (procalcitonin gene-related peptide or proCGRP) before cleavage into the calcitonin peptide.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005179 hormone activity

Cellular Component

GO:0005576 extracellular region

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PRINTS