Domain

MIF4G-like, type 1 (IPR015172)

Short name: MIF4G-like_typ-1

Domain relationships

None.

Description

This entry represents an MIF4G-like domain. MIF4G domains share a common structure but can differ in sequence. This entry is designated "type 1", and is found in nuclear cap-binding proteins and eIF4G.

The MIF4G domain is a structural motif with an ARM (Armadillo) repeat-type fold, consisting of a 2-layer alpha/alpha right-handed superhelix. Proteins usually contain two or more structurally similar MIF4G domains connected by unstructured linkers. MIF4G domains are found in several proteins involved in RNA metabolism, including eIF4G (eukaryotic initiation factor 4-gamma), eIF-2b (translation initiation factor), UPF2 (regulator of nonsense transcripts 2), and nuclear cap-binding proteins (CBP80, CBC1, NCBP1), although the sequence identity between them may be low [PMID: 10958635].

The nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC) is a heterodimer. Human CBC consists of a large CBP80 subunit and a small CBP20 subunit, the latter being critical for cap binding. CBP80 contains three MIF4G domains connected with long linkers, while CBP20 has an RNP (ribonucleoprotein)-type domain that associates with domains 2 and 3 of CBP80 [PMID: 11545740]. The complex binds to 5'-cap of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II transcripts, such as mRNA and U snRNA. The binding is important for several mRNA nuclear maturation steps and for nonsense-mediated decay. It is also essential for nuclear export of U snRNAs in metazoans [PMID: 16043498].

Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 gamma (eIF4G) plays a critical role in protein expression, and is at the centre of a complex regulatory network. Together with the cap-binding protein eIF4E, it recruits the small ribosomal subunit to the 5'-end of mRNA and promotes the assembly of a functional translation initiation complex, which scans along the mRNA to the translation start codon. The activity of eIF4G in translation initiation could be regulated through intra- and inter-protein interactions involving the ARM repeats [PMID: 16156639]. In eIF4G, the MIF4G domain binds eIF4A, eIF3, RNA and DNA.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0016070 RNA metabolic process

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam