Baseplate structural protein Gp11 (IPR014791)

Short name: Baseplate_struct_Gp11

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships



The bacteriophage baseplate controls host cell recognition, attachment, tail sheath contraction and viral DNA ejection. The baseplate is a multi-subunit assembly at the distal end of the tail, which is composed of long and short tail fibres [PMID: 12923574]. The tail region is responsible for attachment to the host bacteria during infection: long tail fibres enable host receptor recognition, while irreversible attachment is via short tail fibres. Recognition and attachment induce a conformational transition of the baseplate from a hexagonal to a star-shaped structure. In viruses such as Bacteriophage T4, Gp11 acts as a structural protein to connect the short tail fibres to the baseplate, while Gp9 connects the baseplate with the long tail fibres. Both Gp9 and Gp11 are trimers. Each Gp11 monomer consists of three domains, which are entwined together in the trimer: the N-terminal domains of the three monomers form a central, trimeric, parallel coiled coil surrounded by the entwined middle finger domains; the C-terminal domains appear to be responsible for trimerisation [PMID: 10966799].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.