Homologous Superfamily

Ribosomal protein L7/L12, C-terminal/adaptor protein ClpS-like (IPR014719)

Short name: Ribosomal_L7/12_C/ClpS-like

Overlapping entries


Ribosomes are the particles that catalyse mRNA-directed protein synthesis in all organisms. The codons of the mRNA are exposed on the ribosome to allow tRNA binding. This leads to the incorporation of amino acids into the growing polypeptide chain in accordance with the genetic information. Incoming amino acid monomers enter the ribosomal A site in the form of aminoacyl-tRNAs complexed with elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) and GTP. The growing polypeptide chain, situated in the P site as peptidyl-tRNA, is then transferred to aminoacyl-tRNA and the new peptidyl-tRNA, extended by one residue, is translocated to the P site with the aid the elongation factor G (EF-G) and GTP as the deacylated tRNA is released from the ribosome through one or more exit sites [PMID: 11297922, PMID: 11290319]. About 2/3 of the mass of the ribosome consists of RNA and 1/3 of protein. The proteins are named in accordance with the subunit of the ribosome which they belong to - the small (S1 to S31) and the large (L1 to L44). Usually they decorate the rRNA cores of the subunits.

Many ribosomal proteins, particularly those of the large subunit, are composed of a globular, surfaced-exposed domain with long finger-like projections that extend into the rRNA core to stabilise its structure. Most of the proteins interact with multiple RNA elements, often from different domains. In the large subunit, about 1/3 of the 23S rRNA nucleotides are at least in van der Waal's contact with protein, and L22 interacts with all six domains of the 23S rRNA. Proteins S4 and S7, which initiate assembly of the 16S rRNA, are located at junctions of five and four RNA helices, respectively. In this way proteins serve to organise and stabilise the rRNA tertiary structure. While the crucial activities of decoding and peptide transfer are RNA based, proteins play an active role in functions that may have evolved to streamline the process of protein synthesis. In addition to their function in the ribosome, many ribosomal proteins have some function 'outside' the ribosome [PMID: 11290319, PMID: 11114498].

This superfamily represents a domain found at the C terminus of ribosomal proteins L7 and L12, and also in the adaptor protein ClpS, forming an alpha/beta sandwich [PMID: 12235156].

The L7 and L12 ribosomal proteins are part of the large 50S ribosomal subunit, and occur in four copies organised as two dimers. The L7/L12 dimer probably interacts with EF-Tu. L7 and L12 only differ in a single post-translational modification of the addition of an acetyl group to the N terminus of L7 [PMID: 10488095].

ClpS is an adaptor protein that influences protein degradation through its binding to the N-terminal domain of the chaperone ClpA in the ClpAP chaperone-protease pair. The degradation of ClpAP substrates, both SsrA-tagged proteins and ClpA itself, is specifically inhibited by ClpS. ClpS modifies ClpA substrate specificity, potentially redirecting degradation by ClpAP toward aggregated proteins [PMID: 11931773].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.