Family

Superoxide dismutase, Nickel-type (IPR014123)

Short name: Superoxide_dismutase_Ni-type

Family relationships

None.

Description

This entry represents nickel-dependent superoxide dismutase (NiSOD) (EC:1.15.1.1), a SOD enzyme that uses nickel, rather than iron, manganese, copper, or zinc. All SOD enzymes catalyse the dismutation of toxic superoxide radical anions to oxygen and hydrogen peroxide in order to protect cells from oxidative damage. The catalytic cycle of NiSOD consists of two half-reactions, each initiated by the successive approach of substrate to the metal centre. The first (reductive) phase involves Ni(III) reduction to Ni(II), and the second (oxidative) phase involves the metal reoxidation back to its resting state [PMID: 16756300]. NiSOD has a novel SOD fold and assembly, consisting of a hexameric assembly of 4-helix bundles of up-and-down topology, which contains a 9-residue nickel-hook structural motif that is critical for metal binding and catalysis [PMID: 15209499]. A gene for a required protease (NiSOD maturation protease; IPR014124) is adjacent to the NiSOD gene.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0016209 antioxidant activity
GO:0016151 nickel cation binding
GO:0004784 superoxide dismutase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
TIGRFAMs
Pfam
SUPERFAMILY
GENE3D