Formylmethanofuran: tetrahydromethanopterin formyltransferase Ftr (IPR014053)

Short name: ForMFR_H4MPT_ForTrfase

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships



Formylmethanofuran:tetrahyromethanopterin formyltransferase (Ftr) is involved in C1 metabolism in methanogenic archaea, sulphate-reducing archaea and methylotrophic bacteria. It catalyses the following reversible reaction:

N-formylmethanofuran + 5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin = methanofuran + 5-formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin

Ftr from the thermophilic methanogen Methanopyrus kandleri (optimum growth temperature 98 degrees C) is a hyperthermophilic enzyme that is absolutely dependent on the presence of lyotropic salts for activity and thermostability. The crystal structure of Ftr reveals a homotetramer composed essentially of two dimers. Each subunit is subdivided into two tightly associated lobes both consisting of a predominantly antiparallel beta sheet flanked by alpha helices forming an alpha/beta sandwich structure. The approximate location of the active site was detected in a region close to the dimer interface [PMID: 9195883]. Ftr from the mesophilic methanogen Methanosarcina barkeri and the sulphate-reducing archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus have a similar structure [PMID: 12192072].

In the methylotrophic bacterium Methylobacterium extorquens, Ftr interacts with three other polypeptides to form an Ftr/cyclohydrolase complex which catalyses the hydrolysis of formyl-tetrahydromethanopterin to formate during growth on C1 substrates [PMID: 12123819].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006730 one-carbon metabolic process

Molecular Function

GO:0030270 formylmethanofuran-tetrahydromethanopterin N-formyltransferase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.