Domain

Beta-ketoacyl synthase, C-terminal (IPR014031)

Short name: Ketoacyl_synth_C

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Beta-ketoacyl-ACP synthase EC:2.3.1.41 (KAS) [PMID: 3076376] is the enzyme that catalyzes the condensation of malonyl-ACP with the growing fatty acid chain. It is found as a component of a number of enzymatic systems, including fatty acid synthetase (FAS), which catalyzes the formation of long-chain fatty acids from acetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA and NADPH; the multi-functional 6-methysalicylic acid synthase (MSAS) from Penicillium patulum [PMID: 2209605], which is involved in the biosynthesis of a polyketide antibiotic; polyketide antibiotic synthase enzyme systems; Emericella nidulans multifunctional protein Wa, which is involved in the biosynthesis of conidial green pigment; Rhizobium nodulation protein nodE, which probably acts as a beta-ketoacyl synthase in the synthesis of the nodulation Nod factor fatty acyl chain; and yeast mitochondrial protein CEM1. The condensation reaction is a two step process, first the acyl component of an activated acyl primer is transferred to a cysteine residue of the enzyme and is then condensed with an activated malonyl donor with the concomitant release of carbon dioxide.

This entry represents the C-terminal domain of beta-ketoacyl-ACP synthases. The active site is contained in a cleft betweeen N- and C-terminal domains, with residues from both domains contributing to substrate binding and catalysis [PMID: 11152607].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam