Domain

Exosome-associated factor Rrp6, N-terminal (IPR012588)

Short name: Exosome-assoc_fac_Rrp6_N

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Exosomes are nano-compartments that function in the degradation or processing of RNA (including mRNA, rRNA, snRNA and snoRNA) [PMID: 15951817, PMID: 17174896]. Exosomes occur in both archaea and eukaryotes, and have a similar overall structure to each other and to bacterial/organelle PNPases (polynucleotide phosphorylases; EC:2.7.7.8) [PMID: 17084501], consisting of a barrel structure composed of a hexameric ring of PH domains that act as a degradation chamber, and an S1-domain/KH-domain containing cap that binds the RNA substrate (and sometimes accessory proteins) in order to regulate and restrict entry into the degradation chamber [PMID: 16285927]. There are two types of exosomes in eukaryotes, cytoplasmic exosomes that are responsible for 3'-5' exoribonuclease degradation of mRNAs, and nuclear exosomes that degrade pre-mRNAs (such as nonsense transcripts) and degrade rRNAs, snRNAs and snoRNAs. Unstructured RNA substrates feed in through the pore made by the S1 domains, are degraded by the PH domain ring, and exit as nucleotides via the PH pore at the opposite end of the barrel [PMID: 16713559, PMID: 17380186].

There are several accessory proteins that help degrade, unwind or polyadenylate RNA substrate before they enter the exosome. This entry represents the N-terminal domain of Rrp6 (exosome component 10 in humans), a nuclear exosome accessory factor that interacts with the bottom of the hexameric PH-ring opposite the cap. Rrp6 functions as a hydrolytic exonuclease, and is homologous to RNase-D in Escherichia coli.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006396 RNA processing

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0000176 nuclear exosome (RNase complex)

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam