Glycogen debranching enzyme, GlgX type (IPR011837)

Short name: Glycogen_debranch_GlgX

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships


O-Glycosyl hydrolases (EC:3.2.1.) are a widespread group of enzymes that hydrolyse the glycosidic bond between two or more carbohydrates, or between a carbohydrate and a non-carbohydrate moiety. A classification system for glycosyl hydrolases, based on sequence similarity, has led to the definition of 85 different families [PMID: 7624375, PMID: 8535779]. This classification is available on the CAZy (CArbohydrate-Active EnZymes) web site.

This entry represents the glycogen debranching enzyme GlgX found in Escherichia coli, as well as its equivalogs in other prokaryotic species. This enzyme encodes an isoamylase-type debranching enzyme with high specificity for hydrolysis of chains consisting of three or four glucose residues, and is classed as family 13 of glycosyl hydrolases [PMID: 15687211]. GlgX is not required for glycogen biosynthesis, but instead acts as a debranching enzyme for glycogen catabolism. This entry distinguishes GlgX from pullanases and other related proteins that also operate on alpha-1,6-glycosidic linkages [PMID: 8576033].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0005980 glycogen catabolic process

Molecular Function

GO:0004133 glycogen debranching enzyme activity
GO:0004553 hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.