ATP-grasp fold (IPR011761)

Short name: ATP-grasp

Domain relationships


The ATP-grasp superfamily currently includes 17 groups of enzymes, catalyzing ATP-dependent ligation of a carboxylate containing molecule to an amino or thiol group-containing molecule [PMID: 9416615]. They contribute predominantly to macromolecular synthesis. ATP-hydrolysis is used to activate a substrate. For example, DD-ligase transfers phosphate from ATP to D-alanine on the first step of catalysis. On the second step the resulting acylphosphate is attacked by a second D-alanine to produce a DD dipeptide following phosphate elimination [PMID: 7939684].

The ATP-grasp domain contains three conserved motifs, corresponding to the phosphate binding loop and the Mg(2+) binding site [PMID: 8804825]. The fold is characterised by two alpha-beta subdomains that grasp the ATP molecule between them. Each subdomain provides a variable loop that forms part of the active site, with regions from other domains also contributing to the active site, even though these other domains are not conserved between the various ATP-grasp enzymes [PMID: 7862655].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005524 ATP binding
GO:0046872 metal ion binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles