Homologous Superfamily

Nitrogen regulatory PII-like, alpha/beta (IPR011322)

Short name: N-reg_PII-like_a/b

Overlapping entries


This superfamily represents a structural domain found in the nitrogen regulatory protein PII, in ATP phosphribosyltransferases (C-terminal domain), in the divalent ion tolerance protein CutA1, and in some bacterial hypothetical proteins. This domain consists of a ferredoxin-like alpha/beta sandwich, which forms trimeric structures with orthogonally packed beta-sheets around a three-fold axis.

PII is a tetrameric protein encoded by glnB that functions as a component of the adenylation cascade involved in the regulation of GS activity [PMID: 1702507]. PII helps regulate the level of glutamine synthetase in response to nitrogen source availability. In nitrogen-limiting conditions, PII is uridylylated to form PII-UMP, which allows the deadenylation of glutamine synthetase, thus activating the enzyme. Conversely, in nitrogen excess, PI-UMP is deuridylated to PII, promoting the adenylation and deactivation of glutamine synthetase [PMID: 16860774].

ATP phosphoribosyltransferase is the first enzyme of the histidine pathway. It is allosterically regulated, controlling the flow of intermediates through the pathway. The C-terminal domain is the regulatory region of the protein, which binds the allosteric inhibitor histidine [PMID: 14741209].

CutA1 functions in divalent ion tolerance in bacteria, plants and animals [PMID: 12949080, PMID: 7623666]. Divalent metal ions play key roles in all living organisms, serving as cofactors for many proteins involved in a variety of electron-transfer activities. In Escherichia coli it is thought to be involved in copper ion tolerance, excessive copper ions being toxic [PMID: 17077491].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.