Signal transduction response regulator, propionate catabolism activator, N-terminal (IPR010524)

Short name: Sig_transdc_resp-reg_PrpR_N

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Domain relationships



Two-component signal transduction systems enable bacteria to sense, respond, and adapt to a wide range of environments, stressors, and growth conditions [PMID: 16176121]. Some bacteria can contain up to as many as 200 two-component systems that need tight regulation to prevent unwanted cross-talk [PMID: 18076326]. These pathways have been adapted to response to a wide variety of stimuli, including nutrients, cellular redox state, changes in osmolarity, quorum signals, antibiotics, and more [PMID: 12372152]. Two-component systems are comprised of a sensor histidine kinase (HK) and its cognate response regulator (RR) [PMID: 10966457]. The HK catalyses its own auto-phosphorylation followed by the transfer of the phosphoryl group to the receiver domain on RR; phosphorylation of the RR usually activates an attached output domain, which can then effect changes in cellular physiology, often by regulating gene expression. Some HK are bifunctional, catalysing both the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of their cognate RR. The input stimuli can regulate either the kinase or phosphatase activity of the bifunctional HK.

A variant of the two-component system is the phospho-relay system. Here a hybrid HK auto-phosphorylates and then transfers the phosphoryl group to an internal receiver domain, rather than to a separate RR protein. The phosphoryl group is then shuttled to histidine phosphotransferase (HPT) and subsequently to a terminal RR, which can evoke the desired response [PMID: 11934609, PMID: 11489844].

This entry represents a domain found at the N terminus of several sigma54- dependent transcriptional activators including PrpR, which activates catabolism of propionate. In Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, PrpR acts as a sensor of 2-methylcitrate (2-MC), an intermediate of the 2-methylcitric acid cycle used by this bacterium to convert propionate to pyruvate [PMID: 15528672].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0000160 phosphorelay signal transduction system

Molecular Function

GO:0005524 ATP binding
GO:0003677 DNA binding
GO:0000156 phosphorelay response regulator activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.