Domain

Formin, FH3 domain (IPR010472)

Short name: FH3_dom

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Formin homology (FH) proteins play a crucial role in the reorganisation of the actin cytoskeleton, which mediates various functions of the cell cortex including motility, adhesion, and cytokinesis [PMID: 10631086]. Formins are multidomain proteins that interact with diverse signalling molecules and cytoskeletal proteins, although some formins have been assigned functions within the nucleus. Formins are characterised by the presence of three FH domains (FH1, FH2 and FH3), although members of the formin family do not necessarily contain all three domains [PMID: 12538772]. The proline-rich FH1 domain mediates interactions with a variety of proteins, including the actin-binding protein profilin, SH3 (Src homology 3) domain proteins, and WW domain proteins. The FH2 domain (IPR015425) is required to inhibit actin polymerisation. The FH3 domain is less well conserved and is required for directing formins to the correct intracellular location, such the mitotic spindle [PMID: 11171383], or the projection tip during conjugation [PMID: 9606213]. In addition, some formins can contain a GTPase-binding domain (GBD) (IPR010473) required for binding to Rho small GTPases, and a C-terminal conserved Dia-autoregulatory domain (DAD).

This entry represents the FH3 domain.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0016043 cellular component organization

Molecular Function

GO:0003779 actin binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SMART
Pfam