Family

Acetoacetate decarboxylase (IPR010451)

Short name: Acetoacetate_decarboxylase

Family relationships

Description

Acetoacetate decarboxylase (ADC) is involved in solventogenesis in certain bacteria, which occurs at the end of the exponential growth phase when there is a metabolic switch from classical sugar fermentation with the production of acetate and butyrate to the re-internalisation and oxidation of these acids to acetate and butanol [PMID: 11824611]. In Clostridium, SpoOA controls the switch from acid to solvent production. A SpoAO-binding motif occurs in the gene encoding ADC [PMID: 10972834].

This family also contains the fungal decarboxylase DEC1 encoded by the Tox1B locus, which along with the Tox1A gene product is required for the production of the polyketide T-toxin. The pathogenic fungus Cochliobolus heterostrophus (Drechslera maydis) requires the T-toxin for high virulence to maize with T-cytoplasm [PMID: 12236595].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0016831 carboxy-lyase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam